MongoDB Connection Abstraction


typedef struct _mongoc_client_t mongoc_client_t;
typedef mongoc_stream_t *
(*mongoc_stream_initiator_t) (const mongoc_uri_t       *uri,
                              const mongoc_host_list_t *host,
                              void                     *user_data,
                              bson_error_t             *error);

mongoc_client_t is an opaque type that provides access to a MongoDB node, replica-set, or sharded-cluster. It maintains management of underlying sockets and routing to individual nodes based on mongoc_read_prefs_t or mongoc_write_concern_t.


The underlying transport for a given client can be customized, wrapped or replaced by any implementation that fulfills mongoc_stream_t. A custom transport can be set with mongoc_client_set_stream_initiator().

Thread Safety

mongoc_client_t is NOT thread-safe and should only be used from one thread at a time. When used in multi-threaded scenarios, it is recommended that you use the thread-safe mongoc_client_pool_t to retrieve a mongoc_client_t for your thread.


It is an error to call mongoc_client_destroy on a client that has operations pending. It is required that you release mongoc_collection_t and mongoc_database_t structures before calling mongoc_client_destroy.


/* gcc example.c -o example $(pkg-config --cflags --libs libmongoc-1.0) */

/* ./example-client [CONNECTION_STRING [COLLECTION_NAME]] */

#include <mongoc.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

main (int   argc,
      char *argv[])
   mongoc_client_t *client;
   mongoc_collection_t *collection;
   mongoc_cursor_t *cursor;
   bson_error_t error;
   const bson_t *doc;
   const char *uristr = "mongodb://";
   const char *collection_name = "test";
   bson_t query;
   char *str;

   mongoc_init ();

   if (argc > 1) {
      uristr = argv [1];

   if (argc > 2) {
      collection_name = argv [2];

   client = mongoc_client_new (uristr);

   if (!client) {
      fprintf (stderr, "Failed to parse URI.\n");
      return EXIT_FAILURE;

   bson_init (&query);

#if 0
   bson_append_utf8 (&query, "hello", -1, "world", -1);

   collection = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "test", collection_name);
   cursor = mongoc_collection_find (collection,
                                    NULL,  /* Fields, NULL for all. */
                                    NULL); /* Read Prefs, NULL for default */

   while (mongoc_cursor_next (cursor, &doc)) {
      str = bson_as_json (doc, NULL);
      fprintf (stdout, "%s\n", str);
      bson_free (str);

   if (mongoc_cursor_error (cursor, &error)) {
      fprintf (stderr, "Cursor Failure: %s\n", error.message);
      return EXIT_FAILURE;

   bson_destroy (&query);
   mongoc_cursor_destroy (cursor);
   mongoc_collection_destroy (collection);
   mongoc_client_destroy (client);

   mongoc_cleanup ();

   return EXIT_SUCCESS;