mongoc_cursor_error_document (mongoc_cursor_t *cursor,
                              bson_error_t *error,
                              const bson_t **reply);



This function checks to see if an error has occurred while iterating the cursor.

If an error occurred client-side, for example if there was a network error or timeout, or the cursor was created with invalid parameters, then reply is set to an empty BSON document. If an error occurred server-side, reply is set to the server’s reply document with information about the error.


Errors are propagated via the error and reply parameters.


False if no error has occurred, otherwise true and error is set.

If the function returns true and reply is not NULL, then reply is set to a pointer to a BSON document, which is either empty or the server’s error response. The document is invalid after the cursor is freed with mongoc_cursor_destroy().


This example shows the difference between a client-side and server-side error. If the client cannot connect to the server, for example, the error message includes “No suitable servers found” and reply is set to an empty BSON document.

On the other hand, if the client connects to the server successfully and attempts to execute an invalid query, the error message comes from the server and reply is set to the server’s reply document, with fields errmsg and code.

run_query (const char *uri_str, const bson_t *query)
   mongoc_client_t *client;
   mongoc_collection_t *collection;
   mongoc_cursor_t *cursor;
   const bson_t *doc;
   bson_error_t error;
   const bson_t *reply;
   char *str;

   client = mongoc_client_new (uri_str);

   mongoc_client_set_error_api (client, 2);

   collection = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "db", "collection");
   cursor = mongoc_collection_find_with_opts (
      NULL,  /* additional options */
      NULL); /* read prefs, NULL for default */

   /* this loop is never run: mongoc_cursor_next immediately returns false */
   while (mongoc_cursor_next (cursor, &doc)) {

   if (mongoc_cursor_error_document (cursor, &error, &reply)) {
      str = bson_as_json (reply, NULL);
      fprintf (stderr, "Cursor Failure: %s\nReply: %s\n", error.message, str);
      bson_free (str);

   mongoc_cursor_destroy (cursor);
   mongoc_collection_destroy (collection);
   mongoc_client_destroy (client);

main (int argc, char *argv[])
   bson_t *good_query;
   bson_t *bad_query;

   mongoc_init ();

   /* find documents matching the query {"x": 1} */
   good_query = BCON_NEW ("x", BCON_INT64 (1));

   /* Cause a network error. This will print an error and empty reply document:
    * Cursor Failure: No suitable servers found (`serverSelectionTryOnce` set):
    *     [Failed to resolve 'fake-domain']
    * Reply: { }
   run_query ("mongodb://fake-domain/?appname=cursor-example", good_query);

   /* invalid: {"x": {"$badOperator": 1}} */
   bad_query = BCON_NEW ("x", "{", "$badOperator", BCON_INT64 (1), "}");

   /* Cause a server error. This will print an error and server reply document:
    * Cursor Failure: unknown operator: $badOperator
    * Reply:
    * {"ok": 0.0,
    *  "errmsg":"unknown operator: $badOperator",
    *  "code": 2,
    *  "codeName":"BadValue"
    * }
   run_query ("mongodb://localhost/?appname=cursor-example", bad_query);

   bson_destroy (good_query);
   bson_destroy (bad_query);

   mongoc_cleanup ();

   return 0;