mongoc_collection_count_documents (mongoc_collection_t *collection,
                                   const bson_t *filter,
                                   const bson_t *opts,
                                   const mongoc_read_prefs_t *read_prefs,
                                   bson_t *reply,
                                   bson_error_t *error);


opts may be NULL or a BSON document with additional command options:

  • skip: An int specifying how many documents matching the query should be skipped before counting.

  • limit: An int specifying the maximum number of documents to count.

  • comment: A bson_value_t specifying the comment to attach to this command. The comment will appear in log messages, profiler output, and currentOp output. Specifying a non-string value requires MongoDB 4.4 or later.


This functions executes a count query on collection. In contrast with mongoc_collection_estimated_document_count(), the count returned is guaranteed to be accurate.

This function is considered a retryable read operation. Upon a transient error (a network error, errors due to replica set failover, etc.) the operation is safely retried once. If retryreads is false in the URI (see mongoc_uri_t) the retry behavior does not apply.


Errors are propagated via the error parameter.


-1 on failure, otherwise the number of documents counted.


#include <bson/bson.h>
#include <mongoc/mongoc.h>
#include <stdio.h>

static void
print_count (mongoc_collection_t *collection, bson_t *filter)
   bson_error_t error;
   int64_t count;
   bson_t* opts = BCON_NEW ("skip", BCON_INT64(5));

   count = mongoc_collection_count_documents (
      collection, filter, opts, NULL, NULL, &error);
   bson_destroy (opts);

   if (count < 0) {
      fprintf (stderr, "Count failed: %s\n", error.message);
   } else {
      printf ("%" PRId64 " documents counted.\n", count);

Migrating from deprecated count functions

When migrating to mongoc_collection_count_documents() from the deprecated mongoc_collection_count() or mongoc_collection_count_with_opts(), the following query operators in the filter must be replaced:






$geoWithin with $center


$geoWithin with $centerSphere

$expr requires MongoDB 3.6+